The antileishmanial activity of three organic solvent extracts and water residue of the plants: Acacia nilotica (Mimosaceae) (husk), Ambrosia miratima (Astraceae) (aerial shoot) and Azadarichta indica (Meliaceae) (leaves) were tested in vitro against Leishmania donovani promastigotes. It is also a Weed of National Significance in Australia (an invasive species of significant concern in Australia,) as well as a Federal Noxious Weed in the United States. Sakthivel KM(1), Kannan N, Angeline A, Guruvayoorappan C. Author information: (1)Department of Biotechnology, Karunya University, Karunya Nagar, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India E-mail : gurukarunya@gmail.com. Brenan Kew Bull. Disseminule. It is indigenous to the plains of … indica) Status of prickly acacia in Tasmania. In Northern Nigeria it is called bagaruwa in Hausa. The Tropical Grassland Society of Australia. The gum is used as a substitute for Gum Arabica. It is native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. Indica | Famine Foods - Purdue University Subsp. Young branches more or less densely pubescent; pods not necklace-like, 1–1.8 cm wide, oblong, more or less pubescent all over at first with raised parts over seeds becoming glabrescent, shining and black when dry, margins shallowly crenate. The plant V. nilotica then, in turn, became the type species for the Linnaean genus Acacia (not all of which have thorns, even though they are named for them). (1998). In northern Australia, found in Mitchell grasslands. Its common name is Gum Arabic Tree and it is called Babul and Kikar in Hindi. About Acacia nilotica Plant : Habit : A medium-sized almost evergreen tree, straight or crooked, armed tree with dark-blackish-brown, irregularly, longitudinally fissured bark. [11] The species name nilotica was given by Linnaeus from this tree's best-known range along the Nile river. [4], "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_nilotica_subsp._indica&oldid=968307728, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 July 2020, at 15:23. kraussiana (Benth.) The bark of V. nilotica subsp. Acacia nilotica subsp. Willd. Acacia nilotica. ex Del. Share . Indica – Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana Acacia nilotica ssp. Forage Tree Legumes in Tropical Agriculture. Roxb. Brenan (1949) Acacia nilotica var. In India branches are commonly lopped for fodder. Uses Tannin. The Maasai people eat both the inner bark (phloem) and the fruit pulp boiled in water. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of A. nilotica extract against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma (DAL) induced solid and ascitic tumors in BALB/c mice. Acacia nilotica subsp. Vachellia nilotica is spread by livestock. (1979), A. nilotica is a serious weed in Mozambique, a common weed in Kenya, a weed of unspecified importance in Australia, and present in the flora of Swaziland. Essentially a tree of semiarid and arid regions, A. nilotica is mostly restricted below 450 m elevation and grows on a … For the ongoing reclassification of this and other species historically classified under genus Acacia, see the Acacia. The crown is more or less spherical, but can be flattened, as per the climatic conditions. Kyal. [18] The wood has a density of about 1170 kg/m3.[2]. indica. ex Delile (=Mimosa nilotica L.; Acacia arabica (Lam.) hemispherica forms a hemispherical bush. indica has a tannin content of greater than 20%. Message The user has shared … Common names. Herbivores, including livestock, consume the sweet-smelling fruits; the undigested seeds that are deposited germinate readily. indica. Acacia nilotica (L.) Del. indica (Benth.) The leaves are bipinnate, with 3–6 pairs of pinnulae and 10–30 pairs of leaflets each, tomentose, rachis with a gland at the bottom of the last pair of pinnulae. Spring blossoms at Hodal in Faridabad District of Haryana, IndiaVachellia nilotica is a tree 5–20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, greypinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. The genus name Acacia derives from the Ancient Greek word for its characteristic thorns, ἄκις, ákis, "thorn". (Acacia nilotica ssp. Brenan Kew Bull. Acacia nilotica subsp. Species characteristics Life form, size, lifespan. Ex. Acacia nilotica est indigène dans les zones sèches d’Afrique tropicale et d’Asie occidentale, et plus à l’est jusqu’à l’Inde, le Myanmar et le Sri Lanka. Prickly acacia is a declared weed in Tasmania under the Tasmanian Weed Management Act 1999. Its seeds number approximately 8000/kg. Occurs on a wide range of soil types (DNRE 2004). Fruit a coriaceous, indehiscent, sweet-smelling legume. indica. Rating. Dense, spreading shrub or tree, to 12 m high, bark smooth becoming rough and longitudinally fissured at base; heads globular. Acacia nilotica subsp. Prickly acacia Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile (Fabaceae) ssp. If there is no information for this species on this page, or if you want to edit existing information, click on Edit with form button above. 0. Prickly acacia, Acacia nilotica subsp. Acacia Nilotica, Acacia Arabica, and Mimosa Nilotica are accepted as synonyms of Vachellia Nilotica. indica. Torre (1956) Distribution Description from P.Kodela's treatment of Acacia nilotica subsp. Medicinal uses include soaking the tender bark in water to be taken against dysentery and pile. Acacia arabica var. hochwertige und bezahlbare, lizenzfreie sowie lizenzpflichtige Bilder. In Gutteridge, Ross C.; Shelton, H. Max (eds.). Stem : Woody but upper portion herbaceous,aerial, erect, branched, solid, dark brown bark; a gum is secreted from the bark, gum Arabica. Family Fabaceae, Subfamily Mimosoideae. indica (Benth.) indica (Benth.) (1800) Acacia arabica sens. A variable and widely used tree from Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Acacia nilotica ssp. [16]:4 The gum of A. nilotica is also referred to in India as Amaravati gum. The bark is used as a substitute for oak in government hospitals in India. Willd.. A variable and widely used tree from Africa and the Indian subcontinent. 40(1). Brenan (1957) Heterotypic. Pods are strongly constricted, hairy, white-grey, thick and softly tomentose. indica, introduced to northern Australia, has spread into dry grassland, slowly at first, but then with population explosions during wet years. 1957: 84 (1957) Prickly Acacia, Babul. {{{refkeyword}}} (Web): A Review of Uses of Acacia Nilotica (Booni) In Alternative Medicine, Accessdate=2010-nov-20 {{{refkeyword}}} (Web): Acacia nilotica herbal monograph, Accessdate=2010-Nov-20. It is most commonly found growing in grasslands, pastures and open woodlands. Prickly acacia Acacia nilotica(L.) Delile (Fabaceae) ssp. Description: Fabaceae (pea, or legume family) » Acacia nilotica subsp. Acacia nilotica subsp. 84 (1957) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia The leaf-feeding caterpillar Cometaster pyrula (Hopffer) was collected from Acacia nilotica subsp. The renaming of the genus to Vachellia remains controversial.[10]. dams and bores). In India it's used as a ingredient in various dishes. ‘Because of its rapid growth in favourable seasons and the presence of long spines or prickles, dense thickets of prickly acacia, impenetrable to stock, develop. "7.2 Acacia nilotica: a Tree Legume out of Control". Side Effects, Risk Factors of, and Cautions for Acacia Nilotica It may cause Bloating. indica L. Common Name: Prickly acacia: Status: Declared Noxious weed. 84 (1957) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Not Current. It is also cultivated in Angola, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Tanzania. Four ... Subspecies nilotica, tomentosa, indica and cupressiformis are grown under cultivation, the first three largely for timber, fuel and tannin while subsp. indica (Benth.) February 2003. Take the infusion with small quantity of Black Cumin. indica (Benth.) Share. Product Type Trade Name Species Primary Activity Secondary Activity Main Output Category; W17 Stationery of wood W17.1 Pens: Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile; Dalbergia melanoxylon; Dalbergia sissoo; Dendrocalamus strictus; Eucalyptus spp; Mangifera indica L., Mangifera spp. 1957. syn: Acacia arabica var. a-KAY-see-uh or uh-KAY-shuh-- from Greek akis (sharp point), referring to thorn or spine ny-LOH-tee-kuh-- of or from the valley of the Nile River IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh-- of or from India . indica has a tannin content of greater than 20%. (Mimosaceae) A. arabica (Lam.) It … There is considerable variation in habit ranging from the ovoid-crowned, evergreen or semi-evergreen, subsp. (Acacia nilotica ssp. : Mimosoideae) Citation: Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Acacia nilotica ssp. [14], The tender twig of this plant is used as a toothbrush in south-east Africa, Indian subcontinent. Mimosa arabica sens. 1 Ethno-botany accounts for … 40–90) to this tree as a medicinal, in his book Materia Medica. (1842) Homotypic. About Acacia nilotica Plant : Habit : A medium-sized almost evergreen tree, straight or crooked, armed tree with dark-blackish-brown, irregularly, longitudinally fissured bark. Prickly acacia, Vachellia nilotica ssp. Spreading, dense shrub or tree to 12 m high. indica (Benth) Brenan (Hannan‐Jones 1999) was introduced into Australia in the 1890s for shade, fodder and ornamental purposes (Bolton 1989). It is also cultivated in Angola, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Tanzania. The pods without seeds have a tannin content of about 18–27%. Habitat: Prefer tropical and subtropical climates. Add 1 tablespoon each of powdered Cubeb, Long Pepper and Rock Salt. The importation, sale and distribution of mimosa are prohibited in Tasmania. Brenan, Kew Bull. Ini nga species ginbahin ha masunod nga subspecies: A. n. adstringens; A. n. cupressiformis; A. n. hemispherica Acacia nilotica and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. indica against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma induced solid and ascitic tumor model. indica is a perennial tree native to Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. Prickly acacia (Acacia nilotica subsp. The pods without seeds have a tannin content of about 18–27%. indica (Benth.) Brenan from Delhi: Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile subsp. Vachellia nilotica is a tree 5–20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. Acacia nilotica Lam (Mimosaceae) indigenously known as ‘Babul’ or ‘Kikar’ is a proverbial, medium sized tree and is broadly scattered in tropical and subtropical countries. Pods can float, and may be dispersed along stream channels and flood plains in this manner. It was found that Azadirachta indica and Acacia nilotica both have phytoremediation capability in soil and water medium along with tremendous medicinal and therapeutic properties. (Mimosaceae) A. arabica (Lam.) Keine Registrierung notwendig, einfach kaufen. It is also cultivated in Angola, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Tanzania. Branchlets sparsely to moderately pubescent especially … No need to register, buy now! Acacia nilotica subsp. 12: 84. * The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. Acacia nilotica is a pioneer species. Climate change and the potential distribution of an invasive alien plant: Acacia nilotica ssp. Acacia nilotica subsp. Find out more information on related names. To. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 2008. Acacia nilotica is a spiny shrub. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Acacia nilotica subsp. indica can usually be distinguished from V. farnesiana by its branchlets being ±hairy with less lenticels, and its pinnules without distinct lateral nerves raised beneath. Acacia Nilotica (Acacia Arabica, Vachellia Nilotica) Gum Arabic Tree (Babul, Kikar) The accepted scientific name of Acacia Nilotica is Vachellia Nilotica. is a commercially important, naturally occurring tetraploid tree species widely distributed in subtropical and tropical Africa and in Asia eastwards to India. indica (Benth) Brenan (Hannan-Jones 1999) was introduced into Australia in the 1890s for shade, fodder and ornamental purposes (Bolton 1989). Brenan. 1957: 84 (1957) Prickly Acacia, Babul. Find the perfect acacia nilotica subsp indica stock photo. [2], The bark of V. nilotica subsp. Brenan: Accepted: ILDIS: 2010-07-14: 6: Acacia nilotica subsp. tomentosa sens. ISBN 978-0-9585677-1-8. indica (Benth.) Delile subsp. 1957:84. Brenan; Its uses include chemical products, environmental management, fiber, food and drink, forage, medicine and wood. Journal of Applied Ecology. indica (Benth.) indica can usually be distinguished from V. farnesiana by its branchlets being ±hairy with less lenticels, and its pinnules without distinct lateral nerves raised beneath. PFT 1 (n = 5) Indicator morphological traits: H4, DR, CF, LAS, LBF, SSL PFT 3a (n = 7) Indicator morphological traits: PP, RB, BB, LBR, LSG 1 Acacia nilotica 9 Fagonia indica 3 Calotropisprocera 32 Coronopus nfloticus 14 Mimosa pigra 23 Amaranthus bfitoides 21 Salso/a imbricata 43 Haplophyllum tuberculatum 22 Tamarix ni/otica 46 Hypericum triquetrifo/ium 48 … indica(Benth) Brenan (Hannan‐Jones 1999) was introduced into Australia in the 1890s for shade, fodder and ornamental purposes (Bolton 1989). Acacia nilotica, Albizia saman, Azadirachta indica: Ethanobotany and Medicinal Uses | Chapter 08 | Modern Research in Botany Vol. *; Pseudotsuga menziesii; Tectona grandis ; Pinus spp. Loài này được (L.) P.J.H. Chemical compounds. In its native range there are nine subspecies of A. nilotica distrib-uted in … Within these plant communities it inhabits floodplains, open plains, gullies, areas near waterways (i.e. The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in 3 to 12 pairs, 5 to 7.5 cm (3 in) long in young trees, mature trees commonly without thorns. Hurter & Mabb. indica, introduced to northern Australia, has spread into dry grassland, slowly at first, but then with population explosions during wet years. Restrict human access? Prickly acacia is also a Weed of National Significance (WONS). Baker (1878) Acacia arabica sens. Description from P.Kodela's treatment of Acacia nilotica subsp. En Afrique, on le trouve du Sénégal à l’Egypte et vers le sud, de l’Afrique orientale jusqu’au Mozambique, à l’Afrique du Sud (au Natal) et aux îles de l’océan Indien. Bark smooth, becoming rough and longitudinally fissured at base. Subsp. indica ('Babul') Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan is used in ayurvedic medicine.. A. nilotica in africa was said to … indica (Benth.) Brenan, Kew Bull. indica in Australia. Description. fruit; one-seeded fruit segment . 4.1 Acacia Nilotica 4.2 Acacia Senegal 4.3 Acacia Tortilis 4.4 Faidherbia Albida 4.5 Exotic Species of Acacia. The biodiesel derived from both the tree species is energy efficient and meets the requirement of international standards. Brenan, Kew Bull. 111-124. Acacia nilotica var. When its characteristic tomentose, necklace-like pods are not available, specimens of V. nilotica subsp. indica (Benth.) indica (Benth.) Riesige Sammlung, hervorragende Auswahl, mehr als 100 Mio. indica: lt;div|> | | | |Acacia nilotica| subsp. Pods are used as a supplement to poultry rations in India. Acacia nilotica (L.) Del.ssp. [13] It has become widely naturalised outside its native range including Zanzibar and Australia. Question: Comments. [2], Its uses include chemical products, environmental management, fiber, food and drink, forage, medicine and wood. The same source lists the species synonym A. arabica as a serious weed in South Africa and a weed of unspecified importance in India, Pakistan and Sudan. Acacia nilotica là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Đậu. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. [17], The tree's wood is "very durable if water-seasoned" and its uses include tool handles and lumber for boats. Use after Every meal as a tooth powder. Spring blossoms at Hodal in Faridabad District of Haryana, IndiaVachellia nilotica is a tree 5–20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, greypinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. Acacia nilotica subsp. ssp. Bark smooth, becoming rough and longitudinally fissured at base. creeks and streams) and areas near other water sources (i.e. An Acacia nilotica in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Alire Raffeneau Delile.An Acacia nilotica in nahilalakip ha genus nga Acacia, ngan familia nga Fabaceae.. Subspecies. indica) Status of prickly acacia in Tasmania. Barks extracts of four different trees (Azadirachta indica, Terminalia arjuna, Acacia nilotica, and Eugenia jambolana Lam.) Loài này được (L.) P.J.H. Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree,[5] babul,[6] thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia[7]) is a flowering plant tree in the family Fabaceae. Skin allergies and Respiratory Disorders may also be observed. Soak some leaves in water for 1 hour. Branchlets sparsely to moderately pubescent especially when young, sometimes glabrous, often slighty pruinose. nilotica, tomentosa and indica to the deciduous, flat and spreading crowns of. Dried pods are particularly sought out by animals on rangelands. [12], Vachellia nilotica is native from Egypt, across the Maghreb and Sahel, south to Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and east through Arabian Peninsula to Indian Subcontinent subcontinent and Burma. ; Acacia nilotica var. Vachellia nilotica subsp. Brenan This name is not current. Prickly acacia is a declared weed in Tasmania under the Tasmanian Weed Management Act 1999. Brenan: Accepted: ILDIS: 2010-07-14: 3: Acacia nilotica subsp. [3], The bark has been found to contain catechin, epicatechin, dicatechin, quercitin, gallic acid and procyanidin. Found in woody grasslands and savannas. Call us at 1 315 4971058. indica (Benth.) Acacia nilotica (L.) Del. The Agriculture Victoria website has information about the noxious weed classification of this species. An overdose may damage Liver and Kidneys. subsp. in three different solvents 80% methanol, 80% ethanol, and 80% acetone (solvent:water, 80:20 v/v) were evaluated for their antioxidant activity, total phenolic (TP), and total flavonoids (TF) contents. tomentosa (Benth.) They also use this plant medicinally to treat sore throat, cough, chest pains etc.[19]. Acacia nilotica, commonly known as Babul in the Indian subcontinent, is a medium sized tree, growing to about 7-13 m in height, with bark approximately 20-30 cm thick. Brenan Accepted Name Babul/Egyptian Thorn Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Mimosaceae > Acacia nilotica (L.) Del.ssp. [9] Kueffer, C. and Mauremootoo, J., 2004. En Afrique, on le trouve du Sénégal à l’Egypte et vers le sud, de l’Afrique orientale jusqu’au Mozambique, à l’Afrique du Sud (au Natal) et aux îles de l’océan Indien. Brenan. Of the nine Acacia nilotica subspecies, six are found in Africa (indica, kraussiana, leiocarpa, nilotica, subalata, tomentosa), two in the Indian subcontinent (cupressiformis and hemispherica) and one (adstringens) occurs in both continents. Finden Sie das perfekte acacia nilotica-Stockfoto. The leaf-feeding caterpillar Cometaster pyrula ( Hopffer ) was collected from Acacia nilotica ( L. ) Del.ssp stream and. Other species historically classified under genus Acacia, Babul Linnaeus from this tree 's best-known range the... Reclassification of this species thorns, ἄκις, ákis, `` Thorn '' the plant List does not attempt include. Vatke ) brenan: Accepted: ILDIS: 2010-07-14: 6: Acacia nilotica subsp for the ongoing reclassification this! Especially when young, sometimes glabrous, often slighty pruinose native range including and! East and the Indian subcontinent it is called bagaruwa in Hausa a supplement to poultry rations India... 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Ἄκις, ákis, `` Thorn '' 4.3 Acacia Tortilis 4.4 Faidherbia Albida Exotic! | Chapter 08 | Modern Research in Botany Vol treatment of Acacia nilotica subsp indica stock photo including livestock consume!